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Distillation Processes For Extracting Essential Oils The essential oils that are often used in aromatherapy are often extracted from roots, leaves of plants, barks and flowers. The process of which essential oils are extracted from the said sources are called as distillation. The distillation process is a lengthy one however, this is guaranteeing that the extraction of oil will not affect its quality. In essence, distillation is the process of extracting components required from liquid using the process of condensation and heating. There are different ways of distillation for essential oils whether you believe it or not and some are: Water distillation – what is done here is pouring the water first in a container and other raw materials as well for boiling. As water and oil are insoluble substances, the oil is separated from water. The separated oil is then stored in a container for further use.
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It is actually a tedious one that’s quite time consuming while the process may sound simple. This said method is helping in maintaining oil properties as the water prevents it from overheating and thus, it restricts evaporation of the beneficial components in it.
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Steam + Water Distillation – steam and water combined pushes the oil out of plants and from there, the essential oils are being gathered, leaving the steam behind. Steam Distillation – for this process, plant extracts are placed inside a container and the lid is put on it so the steam will not evaporate. As soon as it begins to release oil, the extracts will be steamed. While doing this method, it is vital that you control the controlled temperature. The temperature ought to be set accordingly and at the same time, it has to be enough for the extracts to release oil and not burn it. After the steam process is over, the steam that contains the essential oil is condensed by passing it in a specialized cooling system. The steam condensed will form liquids from where water is separated from the oil. The process is cumbersome while extracting only little amount of oil. Hydro Diffusion – in this distillation process, the steam is fed from top onto botanical material rather than from the bottom. Cohobation – when doing this method, it normally extracts rose oil. The process is making rose oil via water distillation. The oil is extracted and the components are called phenyl ethyl alcohol are dissolved to distilled water and doesn’t form part of extracted essential oils. Phenyl ethyl alcohol will be distilled from water and added back to oil in right proportion to be able to form rose oil. And not to mention, the entire process is lengthy and daunting.